Russia’s UN ambassador Vassily Nebenzia’s comments at a video news conference made clear that the Trump administration will have a tough time advancing any measures to impose further punishment on Iran in the UN Security Council, where Russia has veto power.
Russia’s UN ambassador said on Tuesday that Moscow opposes any attempt by the United States to extend Iran’s arms embargo and reintroduce UN sanctions against the Islamic Republic.
Vassily Nebenzia’s remarks at a video press conference made it clear that the Trump government will have a hard time advancing any further action to punish Iran further in the UN Security Council, where Russia has a veto.
The United States has circulated a draft UN resolution extending indefinitely the UN arms embargo on Iran, which expires in October, to a small number of council members at the end of April.
According to Trump government officials and UN diplomats, the end of the arms embargo was the result of a Council resolution approving a 2015 nuclear deal between six major powers – the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany – and Iran.
Russia made no secret of its desire to continue selling conventional weapons to Tehran.
According to Nebenzia, the arms embargo is a “by-product” of the nuclear agreement known as the JCPOA and is temporary.
“It expires in October. “And for us, it’s clear, clear,” he said. “I don’t see why an arms embargo should be imposed on Iran.” Nebenzia was also asked whether the controversial issue of the Trump government is likely to seek to use the “return” clause in the 2015 Security Council resolution in support of the nuclear deal, which restores all UN sanctions against Iran that have been suspended or revoked. They eased. the agreement.
The Russian ambassador stressed that “to trigger a return, you must be a participant in the JCPOA, and on May 8, 2018, the United States proudly announced that it would exit the JCPOA and close the door”. “They’re knocking on the door now and they’re saying,‘ Now just wait a minute when we forgot to do a little thing at JCPOA, but let me go back, we’ll do it, and we’ll leave again, ’” he said.
Nebenzia calls the possibility for the United States to call back a ridiculous one, stressing that “this is clear to me. It is not a member, it has no right ”to use the tools provided by JCPOA.
He also asked the Trump administration what the refund could be for “because the return is definitely the end of the JCPOA.” Nebenzia said the reaction will be to end the “most disturbing scrutiny” of all countries by the International Atomic Energy Agency in Iran. “My question is, does it represent the interests of the United States?” – asked.
The Trump administration at this point has no plans to raise the issue of the controversial “return”. U.S. officials said they were not authorized to discuss the matter in public and spoke on the condition of anonymity.
Although President Donald Trump has withdrawn from the deal, the United States reserves the right to invoke a refund of sanctions as a deal planned in the event of a “significant default” by Iran.
This position rests on a new legal argument from the State Department, first introduced in December, and states that although the United States is no longer involved in the nuclear business, it remains an original “participant” in the Security Council resolution that enshrined this.
This resolution actually lists the parties to the 2015 agreement by name, but many diplomats outside Russia have argued that the U.S. argument is peculiar because the Trump Trump government has made such a point about no longer being involved in the deal.
Nebenzia was asked who needed a legal arbitrator to see if the United States could still stand to trigger setbacks.
“It is primarily the job of the members of the Security Council and the other members of the JCPOA,” he said.
Nebenzia on Tuesday released a letter from Iranian Secretary of State Antonio Guterres to Iranian Secretary of State Mohammed Javad Zarif, in which Zarif said not only was the U.S. “seriously violating” the 2015 decision for failure to implement, “but was clearly trying illegally. ways of reversing the decision by effectively despising well-established principles of international law. “By leaving the JCPOA alone, the United States has“ lost all rights, ”Zarif was quoted as saying.
Nebenzia said she fully supported Zarif’s words, adding, “This seems to me to be a real legal interpretation”.