Creating a Gaming PC For The First Time?
Before you create a computer, you obviously need the right details. That is why we are here.
Choosing the right components for the assembly you need can be a daunting process at first, but once you dive into it, you will see that it is not only surprisingly simple but also damn fun. This guide should by no means be comprehensive, but rather a tutorial on what you need to know in order to assemble the right parts and start building your dream together.
We will mainly focus on creating a gaming PC, but this guide should cover the basics of everything from a high-performance work platform for professional applications to a simple multimedia computer.
What do you need to build a PC?
The processor, or central processing unit, is the main component of the PC. This is what converts the instructions you provide into actions that your computer can perform, and tells all the rest of your assembly how to work together. If the processor is the brain, the rest of the system in the body.
The processor is probably the most important component for any computer, and, as you would expect, there are practically no options. The two main manufacturers in the field of consumer PCs are Intel and AMD, and even within these brands, there are many options. For AMD, you’ll likely be looking at Ryzen or Threadripper if you want high end. All AMD Ryzen processors are a good choice, although you’ll probably want to consider the 3rd or 2nd generation Ryzen5 or Ryzen7 if you want to build serious gaming or streaming installation.
The motherboard is essentially a large printed circuit board that connects all the components that make up your computer and provides communication between all the different hardware. As with everything related to PC assembly, there are many options: from simple motherboards at the bottom of the price range to multifunction boards with all kinds of gadgets.
The type of motherboard you need will largely depend on which processor you purchased and what features you are interested in. Not every processor works with every motherboard, so you need to make sure that you choose the right one. Features such as processor overclocking capabilities, lighting options, and connectivity options are factors to consider when buying a motherboard.
Graphics / Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
The graphics processor (GPU) will have the greatest impact on your gaming experience. A GPU is what allows your computer to perform complex graphics calculations that make your computer games look so good. Although many processors have integrated graphics, a graphics processor is absolutely essential if you want to experience modern computer games.
The two largest players in the world of video cards are AMD and Nvidia. Depending on how much you want to invest, you can go with something at a lower level of modern GPUs like the GTX 1650 from Nvidia or the Radeon RX570 from AMD. If you need state-of-the-art technology, the Nvidia RTX 2080 Ti, 2080 super, 2070super, 2060super is the true king of consumer graphics processors with AMD’s Radeon Navi architecture.
If you’re looking for the best gaming experience, the GPU may be the most expensive component you buy, but you don’t want to save money here, especially if you want to play games with higher resolution and frame rate. rates.
Memory / RAM
Random-access memory (RAM) is, in fact, a short-term memory of your PC. It provides regular access to the data that you use, so your PC does not need to access the storage device every time you need to use this data. It differs from your main storage devices in that the RAM is reset when it has no power, so you still need large drives for long-term data storage.
When it comes to performance, the more ram is better. In fact, you may not have too much RAM, but for practical purposes, most gaming systems will be fine with 16 GB or 32 GB if you want to keep your PC viable for several years.
Storage is where your data … well, is stored so that your computer can access it. This includes files, games, your operating system, any data that you need access to will be stored on disk. In the past, storage primarily consisted of hard drives (HDDs), but now solid-state drives (SSDs) have become more affordable. SSDs are faster, quieter and more durable, but they cost more as per gigabyte.
The correct storage solution may vary, although the overall configuration is a smaller NVMe or SATA SSM for your operating system and the most commonly used files, as well as a larger hard drive for larger files. You can also rely on external storage solutions that have the advantage of portability.
The Samsung 860EVO M.2 SSD is one of the most popular SSDs, and the 2 TB Seagate BarraCuda HDD is great for larger installations and file storage.
This is the place where all your precious parts will live, and what most people think about when they imagine a computer. Cases are one of the most customizable parts of a PC, so you can get cases of almost any shape and size that you can imagine. Although each case is individual, they are all designed for approximately the same components, which means that they have common features between brands and layouts. For example, there is always a place to install the motherboard and power supply, although the configurations in which everything is located may vary.
If you don’t want to create something small or with advanced features such as custom cooling circuits, most cases will work just fine. Just find the one that fits the size and looks the way you want, and you will be good to go.
Another important feature to consider when considering cases is cooling. Many cases will be accompanied by already installed fans, which may be useful, but if low temperatures are important to you, you must make sure that there is room for the necessary cooling solution. A simple rule of thumb is that if you want to complete many custom tasks, the more you do, the better.
If you are looking for a unique minimal design, try the NZXT H700.
Power Supply Unit/SMPS (PSU)
As you probably guessed by the name, the power supply unit (PSU) provides the power that allows your assembly to function. They often do not pay attention to the power supply, because if you have a relatively simple assembly, any power supply will usually work. Nevertheless, it is absolutely worthwhile to conduct a study of efficiency, power, and quality, especially if you are building a more complex system. If you use high-quality video cards (or several video cards) or a custom cooling circuit, you definitely need to make sure that you have a power supply with sufficient power.
A good reference is the power supply calculator, which allows you to see what power requirements you will need depending on your system.
If you are looking for a powerful power supply for a super-fashionable system, you can go to a high level of the spectrum, how to Corsair RM850x 80+ Gold Certified.
Your processor runs incredibly hard and it creates heat.
Cooling your CPU is critical to the proper operation of your system, and although many CPUs come with a cooler, often you need something more powerful. These options can range from simple fans and radiators to sophisticated liquid cooling solutions. For your first build, you will probably need either a fan-based solution or an All-One (AIO) liquid cooler if you plan to overclock your processor. The installation process for these cooling solutions varies from product to product but usually involves connecting it to the motherboard and using thermal grease to ensure proper heat dissipation from your processor.
It sounds complicated, but actually it is not. Even AIO liquid coolers are self-contained, and you don’t even have to deal with the liquid inside. Just make sure that the cooler is compatible with your processor and motherboard, and that you have enough space in your case. Everything else – just follow the attached instructions. If you want to purchase AIO liquid coolers, check out the NZXT Kraken X62. This is not only a great cooler for the processor but also great lighting options.
A mouse is just a mouse, right?
Not. Like everything we talked about, you can get a mouse that fits your style perfectly. If you are a gamer, it may be important for you to have buttons displayed, as well as the ability to customize DPI (essentially the speed of the cursor) on the fly. Maybe you need a wireless mouse or custom design.
The most important thing is probably comfort, so make sure you find a mouse that feels good. The Steelseries RIVAL 600 is one of the most popular gaming mice (for obvious reasons), but there are many great mice from companies like Corsair, Razer, and many others.
Gaming Keyboard/Computer Keyboard
Even with something as simple as a keyboard, there are many options. Do you want wired or wireless? Do you need macro keys? How important is RGB lighting?
There are many great keyboards available, so you can find exactly what suits you. One of the most popular mechanical keyboards is the Gigabyte Force K83. HyperX Alloy FPS is an excellent entry-level mechanical board with high-quality Cherry MX switches.
Whether this is your first PC or your fiftieth, I congratulate you on taking the time to learn how to build a PC. There is always something to learn, but if you have come this far, you are already on your way to becoming a Do it yourself, master.
Fun and happy computer games!